Cartoon analysis – “What happened to the one we used to have?” – Musterlösung

Auf dieser Seite findet ihr ein weiteres Beisipel für eine Cartoon-Analyse. Sie bezieht sich auf diesen Cartoon.

Eine gute Analyse von einem Cartoon oder einem Bild, oder etwas anderem ist immer kurz und auf das wesentlichste beschränkt. Eine Wortanzahl zwischen 300 und einem Maximum von 500 Wörtern ist gut. Schweife nicht vom Thema ab und bleibe sachlich. Lass Randinformationen möglichst weg, es sei denn sie sind für das Verständnis der Analyse nicht wegzudenken (zur Veranschaulichung ist eine Randinformation gezielt im Text geblieben; eckige Klammern).

Oft sind Symbole im Cartoon schon beschriftet (wie die Freiheitsstatue im Beispiel), sodass sie keine großen Freiheiten zum interpretieren lassen. Der Künstler will natürlich dem Leser möglichst vorgeben, wie er den Cartoon zu interpretieren hat.

Describing the cartoon (about 30%)

In 1946, one year after the end of World War II , the Washington Post published a cartoon by Herb Block, wich refers to the immigration policy of the US. Concerning the refugee crisis in Europe, the cartoon is still relevant today.

Herb Block depicts the Statue of Liberty as a figure, which appears as unwilcoming. In the bottom right-hand corner one can see three men discussing „what happened to the one [they] used to have“. Behind the staue one can see the skyline of Manhatten, New York City.

Interpreting symbols and analysing the cartoon (about 60%)

The cartoon refers to the US immigration policy after World War II, in which millions of people immigrated to the US, in order to flee from the upcoming war in Europe. The Statue of Liberty is a symbol for freedom and for the generous immigration policy of the US, welcoming billions of people in the past. In contrast to the time before World War II, the US does not represent itself as an immigration country troughout the refugee crisis. [According to information from „The Guardian“ the US accapted only 1500 refugees in 2011.] In the cartoon the statue stands for the US policy, rejecting refugees, that are comming from war areas in Syria. Consequently the cartoonist strongly criticises the policy of the US but furthermore lauds the people, bringing these political decisions into question. Bringing that into consideration, the US are a country hiding from responsibility. That implies the blame of the drowning of thousands of refugees in the Mediterranean Sea or the construction of a wall in eastern Europe to not let people fleeing from war in Syria and other countries.

Giving your own opinion and examine whether the cartoon is effective or not (about 10%)

In view of the problems of the refugee crisis, this cartoon is an extremly powerful  message, because the topic is more relevant today than ever before. In my opinion the cartoonist highlights the fact that the most powerful country in the world cannot hide from its responisbility towards the refugees and Europe.